2012年杭州中考最新模拟试卷—语文卷11(含答案)

发布于:2021-09-21 19:26:01

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market econom y, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ule s, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncia l ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

2012 年中考模拟试卷 11 语文卷
(总分:120 分,时间:120 分) 一(30 分) 1.下列加点字的注音全都正确的一项是(3 分) (原创) A.锭 子(diàn) 庖 官(páo) 即物起兴 (xìng) . . . B.煞 白(shà) . C.骈 进(pián) . D.抽噎 (yē) . 狡黠 (jié) . 酬和 (hé) . 涕 泗横流(tì) . 廓 然无累(kuò) .

执拗 (niù) 吹毛求疵 (cī) . . 2.下列词语中没有别字的一项是(3 分) (原创) A.隔膜 遐想 孤军愤战 起承转合 B.庸碌 嬉闹 弥留之际 味同嚼蜡 C.禀请 要抉 不求甚解 媚上欺下 D.滞碍 拮据 根深蒂固 豁然惯通 3.依次填入下列句子横线处的词语,最恰当的一项是(3 分) (原创) ①百年清华以蓬勃昂扬的青春理想、严谨勤奋的治学氛围, 了许许多多全面发展、个 性鲜明的栋梁之才。 ②好风景固然可以打动人心,但若得几个知心朋友,相与 其间,那才真有味儿。 ③ 兵经常要到敌占区去活动,每次任务都非常危险,疏忽不但会让自己暴露,还会使 战友的生命受到威胁。 A.造就 徜徉 侦察 B.造就 徘徊 侦查 C.铸就 徘徊 侦察 D.铸就 徜徉 侦查 4.下列句子中的标点符号使用都正确的一项是(3 分) (原创) A.2011 年,海峡两岸交流中的一件大事,是“富春山居图”的合璧大展。 B. “90 后”崇尚草根英雄,有 28.7%的“90 后”的偶像是来自周围的普通人,他们坚持“怀 精英之梦想,走草根之大道, ”更多地认为成功靠自己的才干和努力可以实现。 C.科学家发现人能分辨一万多种气味。你能闻出这么多的气味吗? 你是否记得春天从北方 吹过来的风沙的味道? D.在飘着风信子与薰衣草的春日,总有素衣老妇撩开窗帘,看石桥上年青人互道日安,总 有迷路的鸽子,停在异乡人的肩膀上。 5.下列关于文学常识的说法,有错误的一项是(3 分) (原创) A. 《智取生辰纲》选自《水浒》 ,作者是元末明初的施耐庵。课文通过对杨志押送生辰纲失 败经过的描写,表现了起义英雄在反抗斗争中的智慧和力量。 B. 《敬业与乐业》的作者是*代思想家,戊戌维新运动的领袖之一梁启超,这篇演讲词开 宗明义地提出了“敬业乐业”的主旨。 C.鲁迅先生的《从百草园到三味书屋》 《故乡》 《藤野先生》都是脍炙人口的散文名篇,值 得我们反复阅读。 D. 《我的叔叔于勒》选自短篇小说集《羊脂球》 ,作者是“世界三大短篇小说家”之一的莫 泊桑。 6.补写出下列名句名篇中的空缺部分。 (只选做三小题) (3 分) (原创) ①醉里挑灯看剑, 。 ,五十弦翻塞外声。 (辛弃疾《破阵子》 ) ②无意苦争春,一任群芳妒。 , 。 (陆游《卜算子》 ) ③闻说双溪春尚好,也拟泛轻舟, , 。 (李清照《武陵春》 )
leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he opera tional needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy prov i des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right ; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not con sumpti on a s requi red, even shifting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G ov ernment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the exist ing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is grea ter tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false imp ersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong br ee d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

④ , ,尔来二十有一年矣。 (诸葛亮《出师表》 ) 7.阅读下面的材料,在①②处分别填写恰当的句子,使之语意连贯,语句通畅。 (3 分) (原 创) 随着“官二代” “富二代”的强势崛起,人们也开始将目光投注在“穷二代”身上。 “穷 二代”的突出特征是: 没有背景,只有背影;开不起豪车,挤不进高位。究其原因,有人 认为① ,所以很多“穷二代”才会在这个“拼爹时代”败下阵来。 其实,如今各种新闻中飞扬跋扈的“官二代” “富二代”代替不了整个富人阶层的社会生态, “潜规则”的作用也被媒体有意无意地放大了。人生的精彩② ,而借 来的光终会有消逝的一天。 8.下面这段文字有三句话,各有一处语病,请加以修改。 (3 分) (原创) 浙江省作协少年文学分会培训基地日前在杭州萍水西街设立。①这个文学培训基地将 面向社会接收一批有文学天赋的少年儿童, 对他们进行文学熏陶和写作培训。 ②培训时间固 定在双休日,浙江文学院院长盛子潮等人将作为“导师团”成员,来课堂不定期讲座③在成 立仪式上,当看到心中“很遥远”的作家们第一次活生生地站在自己面前,使小学员们兴奋 得欢呼起来,。 9.概括下面两段文字的主要内容,不超过 20 个字。 (3 分) (原创) 图书出版界很久没有出现过这等盛况了,今天,由苹果公司创始人、前 CEO 史蒂夫·乔 布斯唯一授权的同名个人传记全球同步发行, 简体中文版于上午 10 点 05 分正式开卖。 此时 距其去世刚刚 20 天,全球读者翘首以待。 就像乔布斯在世时苹果发布的每款产品一样, 《史蒂夫·乔布斯传》出版的消息引发全 球粉丝 的疯狂追捧。这本自传在中国市场接到的订单已经超过 100 万册。在知名网上书店 当当网和卓越亚马逊,读者很早就开始预订这本书,截至昨日,当当网上的预订量已经超过 10 万册,这样的盛况只在 2007 年《哈利·波特与死亡圣器》上市时出现过。卓越亚马逊的 监测数据显示,乔布斯去世后,《史蒂夫·乔布斯传》的单日预售量最高时突破 1 万册。 10.根据语境,仿照画线句子,在横线上填写内容。要求语言生动形象。 (3 分) (原创) 成长是一件最丰饶的事情,它是一个千面女郎。因为成长,今天的麦苗是鲜绿的,明 天就会变成金黄;因为成长, , ;因为成 长, , 。 二(30 分) 阅读下面的文章,完成 11—18 题。 (一) 和一朵花一道经过黄昏 ⑴七岁那年,秋天,一个黄昏。在乡下老屋的后园里,一株很大的老茶树边,我看见 了一朵花。淡蓝色的,浮动着,被渐渐上来的夕光所笼罩。我就蹲在花的旁边,看着它。一 直看着它。然后我和花一道被暮色淹没。所有的事物都静了。我只好回家。第二天早晨,再 看。花已经谢了。淡蓝色已经谢了。而我那时候,还正在悄悄地成长…… ⑵成长中的人是容易忽略一些事物的。 ⑶比如那朵花,不久就忘了。 ⑷但今天,当我站在南塘的秋风中,这朵花突然浮现出来。它的浮现,是因为我现在正 面对着另一朵花。另一朵也是淡蓝色的花。这是一种在南塘常常见到的花。朴素的,淡淡 的,沉静的,美好的。南塘的土地刚刚经过一场秋雨,有一些虫子已经消失。我听不见它们 在黄昏时的叫声了。南塘变得深沉,同时也逐渐走向枯寂。 ⑸一朵花或许能点亮它的生动吧! ⑹我看着花,它天真而真实地开放着。我看到它的叶片上甚至还有尘土。雨也没能将它

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd peopl e passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons co ns umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork ta sk of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons um pti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to mana ge a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develo p and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shifting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market econom y, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, p ositi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in po sitions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 v ehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

洗净。它的花瓣 是六片的,对称着,仿佛三组正在玩耍的小孩子。我真的很想它们是小孩 子的。我喜欢孩子的无邪与纯洁。但是,我知道它们不是。在秋天的大地上,花朵都是中年 了。甚或是老年。 ⑺一如我, 惨淡地走过如许的光阴。 一回头,水流远了。南塘成了秋风,秋风成了人心, 人心成了忧伤。 ⑻而花呢?它开放着。它在它应该开放的黄昏开放着。它一定不是为我。就如同我一定 不是为其他。一切的 生命,都只是一种经过。现在,我同这朵花一道,经过黄昏;经过远 去的飞鸟,经过更远处的山峦;经过孤独的吟唱,经过秋风里一根一根无由的白发…… ⑼花也是无由的。生长,开放,在这个黄昏,与我相遇,而不是在 另外的黄昏。它是 淡蓝的,而不是别的颜色。它是七岁时的花。是那些掠过成长而被我们忽略了的光。 ⑽我的手想伸过去,甚至我想轻轻地抚摸它,握住它,亲吻它,热爱它。 ⑾但是,我停了。心上的尘土一定比这花叶上的尘土更重。指尖上的伤怀一定比花谢时 更悠远。我 只好停住。南塘暮色四合,有谁在独自寻找?谁的脚步正叩响南塘的门楣?谁 正在慢慢地回去,慢慢地回 到往昔的时光和往昔的美好? ⑿南塘的花。朴素,沉静。我看着。一朵花,一个人。一处风景。 ⒀我也是沉静的 了。我也是朴素的了。至少现在。和一朵花一道经过黄昏,我回到了 七岁。回到了后园的大茶树,回到了它的清香与苍老。我用手摸摸自己的脸,我摸到了秋风 的痕迹,摸到了山水的痕迹,摸到了那些远去了的不可能再回来了的人和事物的痕迹。 ⒁而花沉静着。 ⒂黄昏很深了。我已经不太能看清它的叶片和它的花瓣。我只看到它的浮现。 ⒃这恰如在这个大而杂乱的人世间,我更多的时候是半明半暗的。如这黄昏中的花,它 是怀着对大地的恩情,来用最后的光照亮南塘。而我,是怀着这人世的热爱,用宿命的笔, 来写秋风的挽辞…… 11.“我”两次看到一朵蓝色的花,触动我的分别是什么?请根据文意简要回答。 (4 分) (改 编) 12.下面的句子生动形象,富有表现力,请加以赏析。 (4 分) (改编) ①淡蓝色的,浮动着,被渐渐上来的夕光所笼罩。我就蹲在花的旁边,看着它。一直看 着它。然后我和花一道被暮色淹没。 ②心上的尘土一定比这花叶上的尘土更重。指尖上的伤怀一定比花谢时更悠远。 13.作者为什么要用生动的笔触描写了这样一朵花?请结合全文简要分析。 (4 分) (改编) 14.“一切的生命,都只是一种经过”有什么深刻含义?(4 分) (原创) (二) 超级病菌 每年全世界有 50%的抗生素被滥用,使病菌迅速适应了抗生素的环境,各种超级病菌相 继诞生。抗生素的地位和作用受到怀疑的同时,也遭到了严格的管理。在病菌蔓延的同时, 抗生素的研究和发展却渐渐停滞下来。 同时人们也找到一种健康和自然的疗法, 用人类自身 免疫来抵御超级病菌的进攻,成为许多人对疾病的新共识。 到底 是什么导致这种超级病 菌对抗生素免疫呢? 抗生素进入体内,协助白细胞来抵御病菌的侵入。青霉素会干扰细菌成长过程,使细胞 壁变得虚弱,无法阻挡水分,使细胞吸水膨胀,爆裂而死;其他一些抗生素干扰细菌细胞内 部或表面酶的功能; 有的抗生素以非常不同的方式来工作——例如攻击细菌的单染色体, 干 扰它的 DNA,这会扰乱它的再生能力,阻止它在人体中横冲直撞。无论是人类免疫系统,还 是抗生素,要完全取得战斗的胜利,都必须用充足的剂量(或白细胞)来扫除所有感染的细 菌。

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be sol ved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high and low positions, but als o the nat ure of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Sha ng, approve d civil s ervants positi ons cons umption standard to "big unifie d, and small di spers ed" suita ble, that most posit ions consumpti on proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des pr opos ed unifie d standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unifie d of standard s hould has elasti c of and dynamic of, makes regions, and units in implementation unified standard S hi has m ust of flexible di sposal right ; but since set of standard m ust after financia l, and audit, sector a udit a pprove d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption elasticity of consumpti on t o limit consum ption, turni ng mess int o kitchen after di nne r, follow t he civil servant wit h a how to us e pers onal title subsidi es, or how t o manage a per sonal duty consumption use of subsi dies. T herefore, we m ust establi sh a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons um ption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspecti on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behavi or to stop, s eriou s ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urge nc y. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly party and Gover nment lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the exist ing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is grea ter tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false imp ersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong br ee d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

然而细菌们想出了一个巧妙的绝招来经受抗生素的攻击——它们进行一种“邻里互 助”。细菌在体内有微小的形成物,它们同样由 DNA 组成,里面可能含有抵抗基因片段。细 菌的繁殖通过基因交换进行。 聪明的细菌会淤积在对某种抗生素不敏感的菌种上, 通过这种 胞质素的交换获得反抗抗生素的必要武器。 霍乱病菌就是通过这种手段, 从大肠杆菌身上中 获得了四环素的抗药性。 二甲氧西林摧毁了 MRSA 的抵抗,这个战果仅仅维持了几年,MRSA 再次战胜了二甲氧西 林。更复杂的抗生素出现了,但 MRSA 不断地获得更强大的抗药性。现在,只有一种药物万 古霉素能够摧毁 MRSA。然而,这最后的希望 恐怕也会落空,因为一种肠球菌对万古霉素也 产生了抗体。而在医院里,这种肠球菌和 MRSA 经常是寄生在病人伤口绷带上的邻居,我们 有理由担心肠球菌会无私地将这件武器 ....转交给 MRSA。 在《不死的细菌》一书中,作家马克·拉普在描述抗生素的 发明及被滥用时说:“很 不幸, 我们与自然界玩了一个恶作剧。 我们控制住这些化学物, 以一种方式 使它们更加完美, .... 以致改变了这个国家的全部微生物的结构。但是,我们发现,在过去微生物导致的人类的疾 病只有 10%,而现在 能导致的疾病已达 20%和 30%。我们已用抗生素改变了整个自然界的面 貌。” 15.指出下列句子中加点词所指代的内容。 (4 分) (改编) ①我 们有理由担心肠球菌会无私地将这 件武器 转交给 MRSA。 . ... ②我们控制住这些化学物, 以一种方式 使它们更加完美, 以致改变了这个国家的全部微生物 .... 的结构。 16.抗生素进入人体内抵抗病菌侵入有哪几种方式?请分点概述。(3 分)(原创) 17.“邻里互助”是细菌们用来反抗抗生素的一种方法。请根据文意概括说明霍乱病菌获得 抗药性的过程。(3 分)(改编) 18.文章结尾引用马克·拉普在《不死的细菌》一书中的话,其作用是什么?(4 分)(原 创) 三(20 分) 阅读下面的文言文,完成 19—22 题。 (一) 僧珍在任,*心率下,不私亲戚。从父兄子先以贩葱为业, 僧珍既至,乃弃 业欲求州 官。僧珍曰: “吾荷国重恩,无以报效,汝等自有常分,岂可妄求叨越,但当速反葱肆耳。” 僧珍旧宅在市北,前有督邮衙,乡人咸劝徙衙以益其宅。僧珍怒曰:“督邮,官衙也,置立 以来,便在此地,岂可徙之益吾私宅!”姊适于氏,住在市西,小屋临路,与列肆杂处,僧 珍常导从卤簿到其宅,不以为耻。 (二) 孙叔敖为楚令尹,一国吏民皆来贺。有一老父衣粗衣 ,冠白冠,后来吊。孙叔敖 正衣冠而见之,谓老父曰:“楚王不知臣之不肖,授臣令尹之职,人尽来贺,子独后 吊,岂有说乎?”父曰:“有说,身已贵而骄人者民去之,位已高而擅权者君恶之,禄 已厚而不知足者患处之。”孙叔敖再拜曰:“敬受命,愿闻余教。”父曰:“位已高 而意益下,官益大而心益小,禄已厚而慎不敢取。君谨守此三者,足以治楚矣 !”孙叔 敖对曰:“甚善,谨记之。” 19.下列句子中加点词解释错误的一项是( 3 分) (原创) A.不私 亲戚(偏袒) B.汝等自有常分 (职分) . . C.禄已厚而不知足者患 处之(担忧) D.姊适 于氏(嫁) . . 20.下列句子中加点的词意思相同的两项是( 4 分) (原创)
leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd peopl e passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons co ns umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork ta sk of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons um pti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to mana ge a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develo p and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shifting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market econom y, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, p ositi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in po sitions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 v ehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

A.乃 弃业欲求州官 . B.楚王不知臣之 不肖 . C.乡人咸劝徙衙以 益其宅 . D.禄已厚而 不知足者患处之 .

当立者乃 公子扶苏 . 吾妻之 美我者 . 域民不以 封疆之界 . 宋无罪而 攻之 .

21.用现代汉语写出下列句子的意思。(4 分)(原创) ①督邮,官衙也,置立以来,便在此地,岂可徙之益吾私宅! ②有一老父衣粗衣,冠白冠,后来吊。 22.吕僧珍和孙叔敖都算得上是好官,但在具体表现上有所不同。请结合文中材料作简 要评析。 ( 4 分) (改编) 23.阅读下面这首古诗,完成( 1) (2)两小题。 ( 5 分) 春行即兴 唐·李华 宜阳城下草萋萋,涧水东流复向西。 芳树无人花自落,春山一路鸟空啼。 ( 1)一、二句写出了当时环境怎样的特点?( 2 分) (原创) ( 2 )诗的三、四两句和王籍的“蝉噪林愈静,鸟鸣山更幽”都写到鸟鸣,且有异曲同 工之妙。请作比较赏析。 ( 3 分) (改编) 四( 40 分) 24.阅读下面的文字,按要求作文。 ( 40 分) (改编) 一个孩子,因为有了期盼,就变成一朵金色花,让妈妈生活得更加温馨;一只丑 小鸭,因为有了期盼,就蜕变成一只白天鹅,绽放出生命的美丽;一场春雨,因为有 了期盼,就化作春的使者,满怀深情地祝福儿童;一位外来务工者,因为有了期盼, 回家的路再艰难也 会耐心等待…… 请以“因为有了期盼”为题目,写一篇 600 字至 800 字的文章,立意自定,文体 自选。文中不得出现你所在学校的校名,以及教职工、同学和本人的真实姓名。

2012 年中考模拟试卷语文卷参考答案及评分标准
一(30 分) 1、D 2、B 3、A 4、C 5、C 6、①梦回吹角连营 八百里分麾下炙 ②零落成泥碾作尘 只有香如故 ③只恐双溪舴艋舟 载不动许多愁 ④受任于败军之际 奉命于危难之间 7、①他们没有一个后台够硬的“爹” 。 ②最终还是要靠个人的努力取得。 8、①“接收”改为“招收” ②“不定期”移至“来课堂”前 ③删去“使” 9、乔布斯传记发行,全球粉丝疯狂追捧。 (或:乔布斯传记上市,创造图书销售奇迹 ) 10、因为成长,今天的玫瑰是含苞的, 明天就会娇艳绽放; 因为成长, 今天的花蕊是芬芳的, 明天就融进了泥土的温床。 二(30 分) 11、第一次触动我的是花朵外表 的美 丽。 (2 分) 第二次触动我的是花朵的朴素、沉静、美好,使“我”摆脱伤感,悟出生命的规律。 (2

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be sol ved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high and low positions, but als o the nat ure of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Sha ng, approve d civil s ervants positi ons cons umption standard to "big unifie d, and small di spers ed" suita ble, that most posit ions consumpti on proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des pr opos ed unifie d standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unifie d of standard s hould has elasti c of and dynamic of, makes regions, and units in implementation unified standard S hi has m ust of flexible di sposal right ; but since set of standard m ust after financia l, and audit, sector a udit a pprove d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption elasticity of consumpti on t o limit consum ption, turni ng mess int o kitchen after di nne r, follow t he civil servant wit h a how to us e pers onal title subsidi es, or how t o manage a per sonal duty consumption use of subsi dies. T herefore, we m ust establi sh a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons um ption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspecti on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behavi or to stop, s eriou s ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urge nc y. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly party and Gover nment lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the exist ing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is grea ter tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false imp ersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong br ee d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

分) 12、①运用“蹲” “看” “淹没”等词语,生动地写出了我被花的美丽所吸引而着迷的情状, 也从一个侧面写出了花的美丽。 (2 分) ②运用比喻和对比的修辞, “心上的尘土”比喻生活中人们容易忘记、忽略一些美好的 东西,沉迷于惨淡、忧伤之中,以消极的情绪、态度对待生活的消极人生观。 (2 分) 13、着力描写一朵小花,突出它的朴素、沉静、美好,在黄昏的时候点亮了南塘,使它变得 生动,为下文由花而人的感悟作伏笔,他由此想到,人生的暮年,也应怀着对人世的热爱照 亮生命的最后时光。 (4 分) 14、生命的诞生、成长与死亡是不可更改的自然规律,面对生命的终结,我们应以从容而淡 定的态度安然走过。表明了作者对生死的乐观豁达态度。 (4 分) 15、①指对万古霉素产生的抗体。 (2 分) ②抗生素的发明及滥用。 (2 分) 16、 ①干扰细菌成长过程, 使细胞积水膨胀爆裂而死。 ②干扰细菌细胞内部或表面酶的功能。 ③扰乱细菌的再生能力。 (3 分) 17、惑乱病菌淤积在对抗生素不敏感的大肠杆菌身上,通过与它的胞质素交换,获得对四环 素的抗药性。 (3 分) 18、作引用、列数字、作比较。更充实具体地说明了滥用抗生素给人类带来的严重危害,增 强了说服力。 (4 分) 三、 (20 分) 19、C (3 分) 20、BD(4 分) 21、①督邮是官署,从设立以来就一直在这里,怎么可以迁走它来扩建我的私宅呢! (2 分) ②有一个老人,穿着麻布制的丧衣,戴着白色的丧帽,最后来吊丧。 (2 分) 22、吕僧珍:不徇私情,正直清廉。 孙叔敖:礼贤下士,谦虚谨慎。 (人物评价 2 分,结合材料 2 分) 23、 (1)荒草茂盛,溪流寂寥。 (2 分) (2) 两首诗都用了反衬手法突出芳郊绿野的寂然无声。 王籍的诗表达诗人悠然自得的心情; 李华的诗则以乐景写哀情,写春色空好的景物,表达了诗人感世伤怀和叹惋之情。 (3 分)

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd peopl e passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons co ns umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork ta sk of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons um pti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to mana ge a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develo p and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shifting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he


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